An ancient farmhouse dating back to 2,800 years ago — complete with 23 rooms, winepresses and a grain silo — is no longer lost to the ages. Over the past few weeks, archaeologists have uncovered the sprawling stone house in Rosh Ha-‘Ayin, in central Israel.
Archaeologists found the farmhouse during an excavation that the government required be done before construction could begin to enlarge the modern city. The house, which measures 98 by 131 feet (30 by 40 meters), is “extraordinarily well preserved,” Amit Shadman, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, said in a statement.
The farmhouse dates back to the time of the Assyrian conquest, when the Assyrians conquered Northern Israel, the researchers said.
“Farmhouses during this period served as small settlements of sorts, whose inhabitants participated in processing agricultural produce,” Shadman said. “The numerous winepresses discovered in the vicinity of the settlement indicate the wine industry was the most important branch of agriculture in the region.”
The large silo found at the farmhouse likely stored grain, which “shows that the ancient residents were also engaged in growing cereal,” Shadman said.This isn’t the first time archaeologists in Israel have stumbled across ancient winepresses. In September, a team uncovered an industrial-size winepress outside Jerusalem in what was likely a monastery before the 7th century B.C., and in 2013, archaeologists found a 1,500-year-old winepress under a city street in Tel Aviv.
Ancient people continued using the building during the period of the 6th century B.C. called The Return to Zion, when the Jewish people returned to Israel after the Babylonian exile. The building remained active later, during the Hellenistic period that followed in the wake of Alexander the Great’s military conquests.