Miniature frog can hear with its mouth

Miniature frogGardiner’s Seychelles frog is one of the smallest vertebrates known to exist, at just 11 millimetres long. Its tiny head is missing parts of its ears, which means it shouldn’t be able to hear anything. It can, though, and that is thanks to its big mouth.

One of only four species in the genus Sechellophryne, Gardiner’s Seychelles frog is a true rarity. It is confined to a few square kilometres of two islands in the Seychelles, and even if you visit its habitat you’re unlikely to see it. That’s because the frog spends most of its time in moist leaf litter, so that it doesn’t dry out. It eats tiny insects and other invertebrates.

When it comes to hearing, it is sadly under-equipped. Unlike most frogs, it doesn’t have an external eardrum. Inside its head, it does have the amphibian equivalent of a cochlea, which is the bit that actually detects sounds. But it doesn’t have a middle ear to transmit the sound to the cochlea, and is also missing a bone called the columella that would normally help carry the sound.

In effect, the frog has a sensor that could detect sounds, but there seems to be no way for the sounds to actually reach it. Without the middle ear, 99.9 per cent of the sound vibrations should reflect right back out of the inner ear, without the frog ever noticing them, says Renaud Boistel of the University of Poitiers in France.

source : http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24140-zoologger-miniature-frog-can-hear-with-its-mouth.html#.UimEwD_r88U

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