The technology uses lasers and small cameras to memorise regular journeys like the commute or the school run.
The engineers and researchers behind the project are aiming to produce a low-cost system that “takes the strain” off drivers.
Other companies, such as Google, have also been testing driverless vehicle technology.
The search giant has pushed for law changes in California to allow its car to be tried out in real-life situations.
The Oxford RobotCar UK project is seeking to do the same in the UK, said Prof Paul Newman from Oxford University’s department of engineering science.
“We’re working with the Department of Transport to get some miles on the road in the UK,” said Prof Newman, who is working alongside machine learning specialist Dr Ingmar Posner.